The most common types of HVAC systems are split heating and cooling systems. As the name suggests, the system is divided into two main units, one for heating and the other for cooling. These systems are notable because they contain indoor and outdoor units, which are easily recognizable. Split heating and cooling systems are the most common types of HVAC systems used in residential buildings.
They consist of two separate components, one for heating and the other for cooling, and they use a traditional thermostat to control the temperature of the entire structure. In most buildings with split systems, the heating unit is located in a basement, service closet, or other indoor storage space. The heater runs on gas and uses an evaporator or fan to push heat through the building's ducts. On the other hand, the cooling system is located outside and is connected to the ducts of a building through a series of tubes.
It uses compressors, coils and refrigerant to create cold air, and a fan directs warm air out and away from the building. A hybrid split HVAC system has the same structure and cooling unit as a split system, but it doesn't rely solely on gas to generate heat. While your heater can burn gas, it can also switch to electric power. Electric heating is typically slower and less powerful than gas-powered heating, but this option gives building owners more control over their building's energy consumption and can help reduce energy costs in milder climates.
Packaged heating and cooling systems are less common than split systems, but their smaller size makes them more suitable for small buildings that lack additional storage space. The heating and cooling components are housed in a single unit and are typically stored on a roof, in an attic, or near the foundation of the building. Packaged HVAC systems are connected to the supply and return ducts of a building, often through a single hole in the wall. Depending on the climate, building owners may choose to install a packaged heat pump containing the evaporator coils or an air conditioner packaged with an air controller with optional thermal band elements.
Both systems cost less to install than split systems and are easier to maintain. Ductless minisplit systems are installed in individual rooms and are common elements in multi-family homes, office buildings and hotel rooms. Also known as mini-split systems, these electrical units include an outdoor compressor and condenser, a refrigerant, an indoor air treatment unit, a heat pump, power cables and a thermostat for each zone. Copper tubes connect interior and exterior components, and a compressor can be connected to up to nine indoor air handling units.
You know you need a new heating and air conditioning system, but you're not sure what you need. Maybe you've been researching air conditioners online, but you still have questions about how all of these different systems work. We're going to cover 13 common types of home HVAC systems so you can better handle the various options available and choose the option that makes sense for your home or business. A minisplit heat pump is a ductless system, making it an excellent choice for homeowners who don't yet have ducts installed.
It's also a great option for homes with multiple residents because each room has its own unit and thermostat to control heating and air conditioning. And don't be confused by the name: Minisplit heat pumps aren't just for cold climates, they also have split cooling systems. The available options allow heating or cooling between one and five zones, and there are interior and exterior components. A split furnace and air conditioning system has interior and exterior components, connected by a set of copper refrigerant lines.
The outdoor equipment includes a compressor for cooling and a condenser for heating, while the indoor equipment has an air controller for cooling and an evaporator coil for heating. Another type of split HVAC system is a combination of a heat pump and air controller. With this system, the heat pump is the outdoor unit, which works to cool your home by circulating warm air from inside the coolant to the outside and, at the same time, introducing colder air from outside (and vice versa for heating). The air controller inside the house circulates hot or cold air through an air blower.
A packaged system provides heat and cooling in a single unit. They are typically installed in an attic or on the top floor of a house and are used as an option when traditional split systems are not an option. They work best in hotter climates, since they typically don't provide as much heat as a traditional oven, but there are advanced combination options that use gas and electricity to supply more heat, as well as heat pump or dual-fuel options. If you need help deciding between the types of HVAC systems mentioned above, an HVAC specialist or contractor can help you find a compatible option for your building.
Whether you're installing a new HVAC system or need a temporary temperature control solution for your workplace, there's an HVAC system that can meet your needs. HVAC systems play an important role in creating a comfortable living environment in your home, and if you're thinking of buying or replacing your home's HVAC system (which stands for heating, ventilation and air conditioning system), it's worth taking some time to explore the options available, so you can choose the best option for you. Choosing the best HVAC system option for your home will largely depend on where you live and the months of warm and cold weather you experience throughout the year, as well as the type of installation system (including radiator systems, ducts and pipes) you use in your home to connect the HVAC system up to. If you're thinking about upgrading your HVAC system, you'll want to consider what components of the HVAC system you currently have installed in your home (including ducts, radiators, and plumbing) and what additional features (such as purifiers and humidifiers) may be needed to provide the best indoor air quality and the best airflow in your home.
To help you understand the differences and learn about your HVAC options, we've put together a list of the most common types of HVAC systems. These popular HVAC units have a cost that is slightly higher than traditional split HVAC systems and, if they require maintenance, replacement parts can be difficult to obtain. If you're not sure, the best way to find out what type of HVAC system you have is to have a professional HVAC technician come to your home. HVAC stands for heating, ventilation and air conditioning, so an HVAC system includes air conditioning along with the other components.